A Confused Journal
Humboldt State University pre-medical student.
Zoology & Religious Studies major.
"What good is the warmth of summer, without the cold of winter to give it sweetness." - John Steinbeck
  • currentsinbiology:

    Engineered cartilage regenerates joints

    Human articular cartilage defects can be treated with nasal septum cells. Researchers at the University and the University Hospital of Basel report that cells taken from the nasal septum are able to adapt to the environment of the knee joint and can thus repair articular cartilage defects. The nasal cartilage cells’ ability to self-renew and adapt to the joint environment is associated with the expression of so-called HOX genes. The scientific journal Science Translational Medicine has published the research results together with the report of the first treated patients.

    K. Pelttari, B. Pippenger, M. Mumme, S. Feliciano, C. Scotti, P. Mainil-Varlet, A. Procino, B. von Rechenberg, T. Schwamborn, M. Jakob, C. Cillo, A. Barbero, I. Martin. Adult human neural crest-derived cells for articular cartilage repair. Science Translational Medicine, 2014; 6 (251): 251ra119 DOI: 10.1126/scitranslmed.3009688

    Articular cartilage replaced: MRI of defect tissue site before (left) and four months after (right) transplantation. Credit: University of Basel, Department of Biomedicine

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  • spectre-130:


    SUKHOI SU-22

    There is just something about the SU-22 that I just dig.

    (via flying-pride)

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  • natgeotravel:

    Floodlights wash over Prague Castle and reflect in a glassy Vltava River in Prague, Czech Republic

    Photograph by Francisco Estrada

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  • astronomy-to-zoology:

    Fahaka Pufferfish (Tetraodon lineatus)

    Also known as the Nile Puffer, Lineatus Puffer, or the Globe Fish, the fahaka pufferfish is a species of tropical freshwater pufferfish (Tetraodontidae) which occurs in the Nile River and other river basins in Africa. Like other pufferfish, when disturbed T. lineatus boasts the ability to inflate when threatened and carries the toxin Tetrodoxin. Fahaka pufferfish are primarily molluscivorous and will forage in the benthic zone for freshwater mussels and snails. 


    Animalia-Chordata-Actinopterygii-Tetraodontiformes-Tetraodontidae-Tetraodon-T. lineatus

    Image: Earedien

    (via ichthyologist)

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  • thisoldhouse:

    Pull up a pair of backless benches with shapely supports, or hit up the home center for turned wood legs and build a bench with plywood and skirting. Read about more creative kitchen upgrades

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  • thedemon-hauntedworld:

    Photo sequence of Saturn: 24 February 2009

    This Hubble image shows the progression of four of Saturn’s moon as they circle their parent planet. The orange moon in the image is Titan, Saturn’s largest.

    Credit: NASA, ESA and the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA). Acknowledgment: M. Wong (STScI/UC Berkeley) and C. Go (Philippines)

    (via jet-girl)

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  • scarybilbo:




    Leaf bug (Phyllium giganteum)

    The constant wobbling as they move is a part of their disguise, making it seem as though the “leaf” is only moving because of a light breeze.

    If you blow on one it will also shake around in the hopes of matching any actual surrounding leaves

    Is this a Pokemon

    play “Only in Dreams” by Weezer while you watch this bug

    (via willyoufallwithme)

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  • (Source: ForGIFs.com, via futureherpnerd)

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  • uispeccoll:


    This is the inside of the lovely binding featured recently.

    This book is from Thomas á Kempis and is called De Imitatione Christi from 1489. It is written in Latin. BV4820 .A1 1489

    Printed just a generation after Johannes Gutenberg’s Bible, the books in the first 50 years of printing with moveable type in the West are called incunabula (from the “cradle” or origin of printing). The category name exists because they more closely resemble handwritten manuscripts than modern printed books. Printers step by step began inventing the features that developed into what we recognize as a modern book, and the year 1500 is considered the (arbitrary) cutoff for incunabula. Existing side by side with handwritten manuscripts on vellum, incunabula are frequently decorated with care, treated to costly embellishment just like their parchment counterparts.

    If you look at the inside of the front and back boards of the binding, this book was reinforced with bits of an “old” manuscript that wasn’t needed any longer as a text.  Sometimes texts thought to be lost turn up in bits and pieces, tucked in as waste in the bindings of later books.  Can you read this one? Our catalog has the scraps identified as “from a 14th century psalter.”

    Many thanks to erikkwakkel for supplying additional information about these manuscript fragments used in the binding.  “…not 14th but late 12thc/c1200, origins Germany.”  This makes them some of our oldest fragments in UISpecColl!

    (via drugspugsalexturner)

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  • libutron:

    Giant Stink Bug - Pygoplatys sp.

    This reddish female (about 20mm in length) laying eggs belongs to the genus Pygoplatys sp. (Hemiptera - Tessaratomidae).

    Tessaratomidae is a family of true bugs sometimes quite colorful. Most tessaratomids are Old World, with only three species known from the Neotropics. Some members of Tessaratomidae exhibit maternal care of eggs and offspring. 

    Reference: [1]

    Photo credit: ©Agnes Adique Talavera | Locality: Laguna, Philippines (2014)

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